Hospices of Beaune. Register of magisterial prescriptions at the time of Louis XIV.

Hugues de Salins. Prescription magistrale


Hospices de Beaune

[Register of magistral prescriptions in the Hospices of Beaune]. 1661-1663. Manuscrit. Large in-8°. Title and 579 unnumbered pages. Fawn half-sheepskin, nineteenth-century bindingth, back with 4 false bands adorned with golden fillets, label in black marocco.

Valuable and important register of prescriptions for the apothecary, written by the doctors of the Hospices of Beaune during their consultations; among them, have signed a doctor named Pitois, and above all, at the end of each of his prescriptions, Hugues de Salins (Beaune,1632 – Meursault, 1710).

Hugues de Salins signature

Received doctor of medicine in Angers, he was then an associate doctor at the college of doctors of Dijon, and King’s secretary in the chamber of accounts of Dole. He has published various memoirs on medicine and antiquity.. (Cf. Hoefer, Nouvelle Bibliographie générale, t. XXXXIII, col. 185). He and his brother Jean-Baptiste were in correspondence with the Parisian physician and bibliophile scholar Guy Patin from 1648 to 1670.

Hospices de Beaune. Prescriptions magistrales sous Louis XIV.

Our register contains nearly a thousand prescriptions of magistral preparations given to the hospital of Beaune between 1661 and 1663. The manuscript, written with different hands, is very readable, and prescriptions, dated, are very accurate, both on the nature of the medicines and their quantity, than on how to prepare them.

Hugues de Salins. Prescription magistrale. Hospices de Beaune.

Hugues de Salins signed all his prescriptions “H. De Salins “, the others are rarely signed(“Marie Nozeret Bonne fille ” in the margin, Pitois sometimes), more often wearing a sign or remaining anonymous, characterized by the incipit of some doctors, such as the “R. ” with the barred leg from. H. de Salins or “ “, rums with a particular spelling.


The patient’s name is sometimes specified (“For a named Suzanne le Blanc in the large room the 10 January 1662 “, “For Dame Claudine ” the 6 Octobre 1662, “On little Betaux in the infirmary ” October 1662; “For m[essir]st françois, the doorman of the infirmary, on 21 Octobre 1662 “, “For m[essir]st Estienne Le fossier ” the 17 November 1662, “For Jean Caillet winemaker of mr Beleurgey, the Canon ” 2 March 1663, “For Jeanne La Bossüe ” 13 April and 21 May 1663, “For Jeanne Coquet “, 16 August 1663, “For Léonard Rolin “, 27 septembre 1663,  etc.).

More accurate is his place of hospitalization (large room, infirmary and ancient infirmary, St Hugues room, large bedroom, …) : “For a girl in the large room on 6 Octobre 1661 “, “For a Flemish boy in the infirmary this 7th Octobre 1661 “, “For a boy from Nismes in the bedroom St Hugh this 8 Octobre 1661 ” etc.

Further, origin or occupation sometimes appear: “For a pilgrim “, ” For the servant of made ruhand, on the room ” “For a servant of the Paradis street this 17 Octobre 1661 “, “a boy taillandier “, “a nailer from Verdun “, “a hatter “, “for a valet of the Golden Lion, 17 March 1662 ” “a winemaker in Meursault ” March 1662, “a Provençal “, “a surgeon servant “, “for the valet of monsun Bourrée the Canon “, “For the daughter of m[essir]re Jean Beauclair “, 19 July 1662, “For the son of Claude Gaignerot, baker “, 3 August 1662, “for a grape picker ” the 8 Octobre 1662, “For the servant of mr pitois, the lawyer ” 27 January 1663, an altar boy in April 1663, etc.

The pain are very rarely specified: “For a foreigner who [has] absces in the diseased thigh in room St Hugues ” January 1662, “For a man who complains about a shoulder pain ” 21 April 1662, “for a boy with ulcerated legs “, 13 August 1662 and 20 April 1663, “for a scavenger ” 1st April 1663, “For a woman in the room who has pain on a leg on 29 April 1663 “, “For a daughter sick of a quarte fever in the room on 11 octobre 1663 “, “for a hydropic in the room St Hugues on 12 8ber 1663 “, etc.

L. de Montille ex-libris

From the library of Léonce Bizouard de Montille, soldier born and died in Beaune (1828-1917), with his ex-libris armored engraved by Lacoste. Keen on History and Literature, he was president of the Société d’Histoire et d’Archéologie de Beaune from 1886 to 1911. He had probably bound this register and elegantly written the title on the 3th white flyleave: “Hôpital Beaune 1661-1663 “.

Hospices de Beaune

Wetness in the lower corner on the last 40 leaves, not serious ; head joints split .

Exceptional document from the Hospices of Beaune. Extremely rare .

Incipit Hugues de Salins